It is important to note that it takes up to 6 years for a roller to properly learn the art of rolling a proper Habano.
The wrapper of a cigar is arguably the most important part of the cigar. Shade-grown under large muslin covers to ensure larger and finer leaves that turn darker in color towards the top of the plant, these leaves must be free of perforations and ideally should not exhibit any large veins when hand selected by the harvesters.
Only long filler or full leaves are used for all of Cuba's 'Totalmente Hecho a Mano' cigars featured on TopCubans . Short filler leaves or tobacco scraps are only used in machine-made cigars. Using the 'book' style method, rollers hand-fold the leaves along their length much like pages of a book to create channels through which the smoke of the cigar is drawn. The filler employs three different types of tobacco leaves:
Dark and flavorful this leaf comes from the top of the plant and attributes its power to the natural oils produced These leaves are slow burning and are placed in the middle of the cigar.
Lighter than Ligero in both color and flavor these leaves are harvested from the middle of the tobacco plant.
Used primarily for its excellent burning qualities Volado leaves impart little flavor on a cigar. These are harvested from the bottom of the tobacco plant. All house blends are formed by mixing various combination of these three tobacco leaves.
The binder winds in a spiral down the length of the filler leaves once they have been combined. The binder is responsible for the structural integrity of the cigar as well as a portion of its flavor.